J. López-Valenciano 1,⁎, L. Aguilella 2, D. Montaner-Alonso 3, M. Llusá-Pérez 4, 5, A. Lluch-Bergadà 6, M. Garcia-Elias 6
1 Hospital de Manises, Valencia, Avenida de la Generalitat Valenciana 50, 46940 Manises, Spain
2 Hospital Universitario de La Ribera, Carretera de Corbera km 1, 46600 Alzira, Spain
3 Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset, Avenida de Gaspar Aguilar 90, 46017 Valencia, Spain
4 Departamento de Anatomía, Universidad de Barcelona, Carrer de Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
5 Hospital Clínico de Barcelona, Carrer de Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
6 Institut Kaplan, Paseo de la Bonanova 9, 2° 2ª, 08022 Barcelona, Spain

 

A B S T R A C T
Background: The scaphoid cannot be excised without generating substantial carpal dysfunction. The extent and nature of such a destabilizing procedure, however, has never been properly studied in the laboratory.
Methods: We used a six-degrees-of-freedom motion tracking device to quantify the changes in carpal alignment produced by isometric simultaneous loading of five wrist motor tendons in 12 fresh normal cadaver arms, before and after excising the entire scaphoid.
Findings: In the intact wrist, tendon loading consistently extended and supinated the capitate while flexing the triquetrum. After scaphoidectomy, the opposite rotations were always found: the capitate collapsed into flexion and pronation, whereas the triquetrum migrated proximally, while extending and radial deviating. All these changes were statistically significant.
Interpretation: Unless it is supplemented by some sort of midcarpal stabilization, scaphoidectomy alone is much too aggressive as a procedure to be considered a treatment option for wrist osteoarthritis.
Level of evidence: Laboratory study. Not applicable.